American farming is a major American industry, a net food exporter. As of the agriculture census 2017, an average of 241 acres (178 hectares) were produced. Covering an area of 88 million acres. American farming in the US is highly mechanized. With an average agricultural production requiring only farm work per square kilometer of farmland.
Type of farm or type of majority business
The type of farm is based on the commodities of the most crops grown on an agricultural farm. Include nine common types:
- Cash grains consist of maize, soya, wheat, oats, barley, sorghum as well as dry edible bodies, peas, and rice.
- Speckles, pulp, sunflower, candy, cabbage, broomcorn, sugar corn, popcorn
- Sugar beet, mint, hops, crop seeds, hay, silage, forage, etc. other crops in the field.
- If not in their own separate categories, tobacco and cotton can be included here.
- The high-value crops include fruit, vegetables, melons, tree nuts, greenhouse, and nursery crops.
- Acidity and eggs Dairy
The number of self-employed people is one characteristic of the agricultural industry, which distinguishes them from others. Farms and farmers are frequently the primary operators. The person responsible for good management. And daily decision making, and the primary worker. The resulting loss of labor has consequences for the physical health and financial stability of farmworkers who suffer an injury.
In the United States, american farming is mainly ruled by the regularly renewed US agricultural bills. Both federal and local governments are responsible for governance. With the US Department of Agriculture being responsible for the federal department. Government support includes crop types and regional appropriateness research. Many types of subsidies, some price support, and credit programs. Farmers in the United States are not subject to production quotas, and certain laws differ from other places in farms.
Labor laws forbidding children from other workplaces provide certain waivers for children who work on farms. With full waivers for children on the farm of their family. Children can also be granted permission to do jobs. That are not otherwise permitted by vocational training schools or the 4-H club.
Much of the US agricultural workforce consists of migrant and seasonal workers, many of whom are Latin American immigrants recently. These workers and their homes often provided for by the farmer. Are covered by additional laws.
Almost 50% of the U.S. population worked in American farming in 1870. Less than 2% of the population is employed directly in farming of 2008.
In 2012, the number of farmers, farms, and other agricultural managers was 3.2 million. The figure for the United States estimated at 757,900 agricultural workers. 11,500 of those workers were animal breeders, the rest of whom were classified as miscellaneous farm workers. The average annual salary of $9.12 or $18,970. Around 519,000 persons under the age of 20 were working in family-owned farms in 2009.
In addition, 230,000 young people were working in agriculture, in addition to the youth living on family farms. In 2004 the number of women in agriculture, forest, and fishing was approximately 24%; That year, there were 580,000 women.
Safety and Health
The use of chemicals and the risk of injury make agriculture one of the most dangerous industries. Agricultural workers are highly vulnerable to fatal. And non-fatal injuries, lung diseases at work, noise-induced hearing loss, skin diseases, chemical conditions. And cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged exposure to the sun. On average 516 workers die in farm labor in the United States in one year. Approximately 243 farm workers suffer work-time injuries every day and about 5% of them cause permanent deterioration. Trekking is the leading cause of fatal injuries to farming America and is responsible for over 90 deaths annually. Reduce the risk of fatal injuries associated with overtones. The National Institute for Safety and Health recommends the use of roll over safety structures on tractors.
Agriculture is one of the few industries where families are vulnerable to injuries, disease, and death as well. Farming in America, which represents 42 percent of all deaths related to the labor force of young workers between 1992 and 2000. Is the most dangerous industry for young workers in the US. 108 people killed in agricultural injuries in 2011. In comparison with other industries, under-15 were half of the young farm victims. The risk of fatal wounds is quatre times. That of young workers in other jobs for young farmworkers between 15 and 17 years of age.
There has also been a rise in the number of women working in the fields. And a 40% increase in the number of women farm workers from the 2002 agriculture census. Inequality and respect are common concerns for these workers. Many have said that the traditional view of women as home wives. And caretakers fails to respect, listen to or take them seriously.
When you try to move to higher positions, women may also resist. Female farm workers have other problems. Receiving lower wages their masculine counterparts. And their employers’ refusal or reluctance to offer their females the same extra benefits to males as housing.
Farmland has traditionally owned by small property owners. Institutional investors, including foreign companies, were buying agricultural land in 2017. In 2013 a Chinese company bought the largest pork producer, Smithfield Foods.
By 2017, only about 4% of farmers had sales of over 1 million dollars. Those farms yielded 2/3 of the total production. Some of these are large farms that have organically grown from private families.
How many farms in the US
For 2019 there are 2.023.400 farms in the United States. And 5,800 farms in 2018. From 2018 on, the total land on farms declined at 897,400,000 acres. For 2019, the average farms amount to 444 hectares, up from 1 acre in 2012.